One cup of cooked whole wheat macaroni contains 3.9 grams of fiber, which is about twice as much as traditional macaroni noodles. Mayo Clinic recommends that women eat between 21 and 25 grams of fiber per day and that men should consume between 30 and 38 grams. Getting enough fiber in your diet can help prevent constipation and cut your chances of developing heart disease, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Fiber can also help reduce your blood cholesterol levels.
Many brands of pasta are enriched with iron. One cup of whole wheat macaroni supplies 1.48 milligrams of iron toward the daily requirement of 8 milligrams for men and 18 milligrams for women. Iron is a key mineral that enables you to produce hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that helps oxygen move through your body. Iron also plays a role in immune function and cell growth.
One cup of whole wheat macaroni supplies 1.13 milligrams of zinc toward the daily requirement of 8 milligrams for women and 11 milligrams for men. Zinc is an essential mineral that plays a role in immune function, cell division and wound healing. The same serving of whole wheat macaroni also provides 125 milligrams of phosphorus toward your daily requirement of 700 milligrams. Phosphorus is a mineral that promotes healthy skin, nerves and digestion. A serving of whole wheat macaroni also supplies small amounts of calcium, potassium and folate, a B vitamin that helps prevent birth defects.